Heat & Thermodynamics
Science Fair Projects
Ideas and Sample Projects by Grade Level


Home Experiments Einstein Quiz Warning!
Primary School - Grades K-3
P=Project   E=Experiment
Heat absorption of different materials [E]
Is the air the same temperature in the sun and in the shade? [E]
Which will become ice faster, hot or cold water? [E]
Does a fan really cool the air? [E]
Interdisciplinary Topic: Energy
Interdisciplinary Topic: Fire
Interdisciplinary Topic: Temperature
Elementary School - Grades 4-6
P=Project   E=Experiment
Design an environmental friendly mitten warmer instead of using the commercial disposable ones. [P]
Determine the effects of liquid temperature on the density of the liquid and the buoyancy of an object in the liquid. [E]
Determine how quickly a carbonated soft drink at room temperature could be cooled to an optimum drinking temperature without diluting the liquid with ice. [E]
How Do Metals Compare in Conducting Heat? [E]
Determine what type of glass would hold out radiant heat and cold air - single pane, double pane and Low E. [E]
The effects of temperature on air volume [P]
Which materials make good insulators? [E] [E] [P] [P]
Effect of temperature on the volume of various gases [P]
The effect of different insulation materials on the melting rate of ice [P]
The amount of heat absorbed by water at different distances from a space heater [P]
Does the temperature of water affect the time it takes for the water to freeze? [E]
The comparison of thermal conductivity of different metals [E]
Build a simple heat engine [E]
Examine the thermal properties of rubber. [E]
Interdisciplinary Topic: Energy
Interdisciplinary Topic: Fire
Interdisciplinary Topic: Temperature
Middle School - Grades 7-9
P=Project   E=Experiment
Determine how gases expand and contract due to changes in temperature, and explain why racing-car tires are inflated with nitrogen gas. [E]
Measure the effect of surface temperature on how long it takes a jumping disc to jump. [E]
Determine how heat and distance affect the amount of sound collected. [E]
Determine whether there is a correlation between heat capacity and heat retention. [E]
Determining the Temperature Dependence of Newtonian and Non-Newtonian Fluid Viscosities [E]
Effect of temperature on the freezing time of different liquids [P] [P]
Use a Calorimeter to Measure the Heat Capacity of Water [E]
Investigate supercooling of water: Does prior heating of water make it easier to supercool water without freezing? [E]
Charles's Law: Volume vs. Temperature of a Gas at Constant Pressure [E]
What's the Fastest Way to Cool a Soda? [E]
How Does Color Affect Heating by Absorption of Light? [E]
Determine the mixing method in a tank that achieves the final temperature the most rapidly. [E]
Investigate the supercooled state of water and other liquids; how it varies with different amounts and types of liquids, and its uses in our daily lives. [P]

What Effect Does a Solution's Temperature Have on the Duration of a Bubble Film? [E]
Are Good Electrical Insulators Also Good Thermal Insulators? [E]
Build a calorimeter and calculate food calories burned and the heat it gave off. [E]
Investigate the nature of turbulence produced in heated air. (Measure the properties of time variability of the refractive index distribution over the source of heat). [E]
Determine the temperature of the air inside a pipe by measuring the speed of sound. [E]
Build a steam-powered rocket boat [E]
Make a model of a power plant that uses steam [E]
Which kind of frozen liquid would melt the quickest? [P]
What factors affect the rate at which liquids cool down? [P]
Which are the best insulation materials? [P] [P] [P]
How thermoses (vacuum flasks) work? [E]
The effect of thickness of insulation materials on heat retention [P]
What material would stay with the most heat after being heated and cooled? [P]
Which materials transfer heat the best? [E]
Build a Galilean thermometer [E]
Which shape of ice cube melts the fastest? [P]
Determine if the temperature of a liquid affects its viscosity. [E]
Examine the factors that impact post-superheating nucleation, in which a sudden violent boiling event occurs when a liquid is heated past its boiling point. [E]
Interdisciplinary Topic: Energy
Interdisciplinary Topic: Fire
Interdisciplinary Topic: Temperature
High School - Grades 10-12
P=Project   E=Experiment
Build a Joule Apparatus and Calculate the Mechanical Equivalent of Heat [E]
Effects of temperature and detergent additives on surface tension of liquids [E]
Can Hot Water Freeze Faster than Cold Water? [E]
Boyle's Law: Pressure vs. Volume of a Gas at Constant Temperature [E]
What Is the Effect of a Liquid's Temperature on Its Index of Refraction? [E]
A Study of the Effect of Temperature on Viscosity [E]
Determination of a Cooling Curve [E]
Interdisciplinary Topic: Energy
Interdisciplinary Topic: Fire
Interdisciplinary Topic: Temperature
Useful Links
R=Resource
Science Fair Projects Resources [R]
Citation Guides, Style Manuals, Reference [R]
Safety Resources [R] [R]
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Physics Discoveries and Inventions
Archimedes' Principle
John Baird: Mechanical Television
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Leonardo da Vinci: Parachute
George Eastman: Kodak Camera
Léon Foucault: Foucault Pendulum
Galileo Galilei: Falling Bodies
The Discovery of the Spectrum of Light
James Joule: Heat Mechanical Equivalent
Michelson-Morley: Ether Experiment
What Did Isaac Newton Invent?
The Pitch Drop Experiment
Evangelista Torricelli: Barometer
Thomas Young: Double Slit Experiment
What Did Albert Einstein Invent?
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