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    Famous Astronauts, Cosmonauts and Missions





    Famous Astronauts & Cosmonauts

    Astronaut vs. Cosmonaut

    Yuri Gagarin (1934 - 1968), Soviet pilot and cosmonaut: the first man in space when his Vostok 1 spacecraft completed an orbit of the Earth on 12 April 1961.

    Valentina Tereshkova (1937 - ), Soviet cosmonaut: the first woman in space - Vostok 6, 6 June, 1963.

    Buzz Aldrin (1930 - ), American mechanical engineer, United States Air Force pilot and astronaut: was the Lunar Module pilot on Apollo 11 - the spaceflight which landed the first humans on Earth's Moon on July 20, 1969.

    John Glenn (1921 - ) a former United States Marine Corps pilot, astronaut, and United States senator: was the first American to orbit the Earth and the third American in space.

    James Lovell, Jr. (1928 - ), NASA astronaut and a retired captain in the United States Navy: the commander of the Apollo 13 mission, which suffered a critical failure en route to the Moon but was brought back safely to Earth.

    Kathryn Thornton (1952 - ), American scientist and NASA astronaut: was aboard STS-33 which deployed the Magellan spacecraft which went on to explore Venus.

    Chris Hadfield (1959 - ): the first Canadian astronaut.

    Dumitru Prunariu (1952 - ): first Romanian astronaut, flew aboard Soyuz 40 in 1981.

    Mark Garneau (1949 - ), Canadian politician, retired military officer, astronaut and engineer: was the first Canadian in space taking part in three flights aboard NASA Space shuttles.

    Roberta Bondar (1945 -) Canada's first female astronaut and first neurologist in space.

    Neil Armstrong (1930 - ), American astronaut, test pilot and aerospace engineer: the first person to set foot on the Moon - Apollo 11; July 21, 1969.

    Ilan Ramon (1954 - 2003), Israeli fighter pilot: first Israeli astronaut; the space shuttle payload specialist of the fatal mission of Columbia.


    Astronauts and Cosmonauts
    Who's Who in Space - NASA
    Astronauts & Cosmonauts
    Astronauts that Died on Mission - aerospaceweb.org
    Astronaut Biographies - NASA
    Cosmonaut Biographies - NASA
    European Astronauts - European Space Agency (ESA)

    Space Exploration Timelines
    Space Exploration Timeline
    Chronology of Lunar and Planetary Exploration - NASA
    The Space Race
    History of Flight Timeline - American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics
    Timeline of Shuttle-Mir - NASA
    From the Big Bang to the End of the Universe - PBS
    Space Exploration Timeline - Space Exploration
    NASA Timeline
    Women in Space - NPR

    Space Exploration Museums, Stamps and Images
    Space Stamps
    Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum
    United States' Space- Topical Stamps
    Exploring Space Stamps
    Space Stamps
    The Astro Space Stamp Society

    Science Fair Projects
    Space Exploration

    Related Subjects
    Telescopes



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    Last updated: June 2013
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