Julian's School Directory
  • How to Experiment
  • The Display Board
  • Types of Projects
  • Home Science Fair Projects Experiments Scientists & Inventors Science Jokes Warning!

    Famous Black Holes Scientists
    K-12 Level

    Famous Black Holes Scientists
    1783: John Michell (1724 - 1793), English natural philosopher and geologist: in a letter written to Henry Cavendish suggested the idea of a body so massive that even light could not escape.

    1796: Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749 - 1827), French mathematician and astronomer: promoted the same idea as Michell's in his book Exposition du système du Monde.

    1915: Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955), German-American theoretical physicist: developed his theory of general relativity, having earlier shown that gravity does influence light's motion.

    1916: Karl Schwarzschild (1873 - 1916), German physicist: provided the first modern solution of general relativity that would characterize a black hole.

    1924: Arthur Eddington (1882 - 1944), British astrophysicist: showed that the singularity in Einstein equations disappeared after a change of coordinates.

    1939: Robert Oppenheimer (1904 - 1967), American theoretical physicist: predicted (with others) that neutron stars above approximately three solar masses would collapse into black holes.

    1958: David Finkelstein (1929 - ), American physicist: identified the Schwarzschild surface as an event horizon extending the Schwarzschild solution for the future of observers falling into a black hole.

    1963: Roy Kerr (1934 - ), New Zealand mathematician: found the exact solution for a rotating black hole.

    1965: Ezra Newman (1929 - ), American physicist: found the axisymmetric solution for a black hole that is both rotating and electrically charged

    1970s: James Bardeen (1939 - ), American physicist, Jacob Bekenstein (1947 - ), Israeli theoretical physicist, Brandon Carter (1942 - ), Australian theoretical physicist, and Stephen Hawking: led to the formulation of black hole thermodynamics.

    1974: Stephen Hawking (1942 - ), British theoretical physicist and cosmologist: showed that black holes are not entirely black but emit small amounts of thermal radiation what has become known as Hawking radiation.

    Black Holes for Kids
    Black Holes - Astronomy For Kids
    What are Black Holes Anyway? - NASA
    Black Holes In Our Solar Sytem - easyscienceforkids.com
    Black Holes for Kids
    Black Holes - National Geographic
    Black Holes Fast Facts - Kids Konnect
    Our Universe: Black Holes - ESA Kids
    Black Holes Basics - Cosmos4Kids.com
    StarChild: Black Holes - NASA

    Basics for Beginners
    Black Holes and Quasars
    Black Holes Q&A
    Black hole basics - wiredcosmos.com
    Black Holes: Gravity's Relentless Pull - HubbleSite
    Introduction to Black Holes - NASA
    In Our Time, Black Holes (listen) - BBC

    Black Holes FAQ
    Frequently Asked Questions About Black Holes
    How is a black hole created? - hubblesite.org
    Ask an Astrophysicist: Black Holes - NASA
    Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Black Holes
    FAQs about BLACK HOLES at the Astronomy Cafe
    Black Holes FAQ
    Black Holes Q & A
    Black Holes - Usenet Physics FAQ

    General Black Holes Resources
    Black hole - Wikipedia
    How Black Holes Work - HowStuffWorks
    Black Holes - Mike Guidry
    Black Holes and Beyond - The University of Illinois
    Black Holes - University of Cambridge
    Singularities and Black Holes - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
    Black Holes - Scholarpedia

    Glossaries and Dictionaries
    Astrophysics and Cosmic Engine Glossary
    Black Holes Glossary
    Black Holes Glossary

    Timeline of black hole physics
    The timeline of black hole physics
    Timeline of the Universe in the Future: Beyond 10,000 AD

    Black Holes at Yale - Yale Peabody Museum
    Black Holes Photo Gallery - National Geographic
    Black Holes: Museum Victoria

    Humor & Trivia
    The Albert Einstein Experience: Jokes, Relativity and Black Holes

    Science Fair Projects
    Relativity & Black Holes

    Science Experiments
    Black Hole Thought Experiments

    My Dog Kelly

    Follow Us On:

    Privacy Policy - Site Map - About Us - Letters to the Editor

    Comments and inquiries could be addressed to:

    Last updated: June 2013
    Copyright © 2003-2013 Julian Rubin