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    Famous Botanists and Notable Contributions

    Famous Botanists
    Theophrastus (371 BC - 287 BC), ancient Greek scientist: father of botany.

    Abu Hanifa ad-Dinawari (828 AD -896 AD) Persian-Muslim polymath, astronomer and botanist: founder of Arabic botany.

    Ibn al-Baitar (11881248): Andalusian-Arab botanist and author of one of the largest botanical encyclopedias.

    Leonhart Fuchs (15011566), German physician: wrote about the medicinal uses of plants.

    Robert Hooke (1635 - 1703), English naturalist: using an early microscope discovered cells in living plant tissue.

    Carl Linnaeus (17071778): Swedish botanist, the father of modern taxonomy.

    David Douglas (17991834): Scottish botanical explorer of North America and China, who imported many ornamental plants into Europe

    Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (17781841), Swiss botanist: originated the idea of "Nature's war", which influenced Charles Darwin.

    Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882), English naturalist and father of evolution theory by natural selection: showed that orchid's beauty was honed by natural selection to attract insect cross-pollinators.

    Gregor Johann Mendel (18221884), Austrian scientist: father of genetics for his study of the inheritance of traits in pea plants.

    Richard Spruce (18171893): English botanist and explorer who carried out a detailed study of the Amazon flora.

    Luther Burbank (18491926): American botanist, horticulturist, and a pioneer in agricultural science.

    Charles Sprague Sargent (18411927): American botanist, the first director of the Arnold Arboretum at Harvard University.

    George Washington Carver (1864 - 1943), American Botanist: developed peanut crops and products; developed methods of crop rotation.

    Barbara McClintock (1902 - 1992), American botanist: genetic structure of maize.

    George Ledyard Stebbins (19062000), American botanist and geneticist: developed a comprehensive synthesis of plant evolution incorporating genetics.

    Isabella Abbott (19192010), Hawaiian ethnobotanist: world's leading expert on Hawaiian seaweeds.

    See also:
    Famous Agriculture Scientists
    Famous and Notable Horticulturists
    Famous Orchidologists

    Botanists - Elementary/Middle/High School Level
    Some of Linnaeus' Students - Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation
    Botanists - Fact Monster
    Biographical Notes on Botanists Relevant to Australian Botany - Australian Government

    Botanists - High School Level
    List of botanists - Wikipedia
    The Plant Explorers - PlantExplorers.com

    Botany Timelines
    The History of Gardening Timeline
    Plant Trivia TimeLine - The Huntington Botanical Gardens

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    Last updated: June 2013
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