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    Famous Ecologists and Ecology Resources
    K-12 Level





    Famous Ecologists
    Theophrastus (371 – 287 BC), Greek: described interrelationships between animals and between animals and their environment.

    Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723), Dutch: First to develop the concept of food chains

    Alexander von Humboldt (1767–1835), German: the first to study the relationship between organisms and their environment.

    Herbert Spencer (1820 – 1903), English: Social Darwinism, Survival of the fittest

    Alfred Russel Wallace (1823 – 1913), British: was first to propose a "geography" of animal species.

    Karl August Möbius (1825 – 1908), German: The first use of the term biocoenosis which describes the interacting organisms living together in a habitat.

    Eugen Warming (1841 – 1924), Danish: regarded abiotic factors such as drought, fire, salt, cold etc., as seriously as biotic factors in the assembly of biotic communities.

    Ellen Swallow Richards (1842–1911), American: linked urban ecology to human health

    Vito Volterra (1860–1940), Italian: Pioneered mathematical populations models

    Vladimir Vernadsky (1869–1939), Russian: Founded the biosphere concept

    Henry C. Cowles (1869–1939), American: ecological succession

    Arthur G. Tansley (1871–1955), English: First to coin the term ecosystem

    Alfred J. Lotka (1880–1949), American: pioneered mathematical populations models explaining predator-prey interactions

    Friedrich Ratzel (1844–1904), German: coined the term biogeography.

    G. Evelyn Hutchinson (1903–1991), Anglo-American: the niche concept

    Eugene P. Odum (1913–2002), American: Co-founder (with Howard T. Odum) of ecosystem ecology and ecological thermodynamic concepts.

    Robert MacArthur (1930–1972), American: Co-founder of the Theory of Island Biogeography

    James Lovelock (1919 - ), English: proposed The Gaia theory by which the Earth should be regarded as a single living macro-organism.


    Ecology for Kids
    Kids Do Ecology
    Ecology Kids - Ecology Global Network
    OLogy - American Museum of Natural History
    Kids Ecology Corps
    Ecology Facts- Dialogue for Kids (Idaho Public Television)
    Kids Recycle Page - Washington State Department of Ecology
    Learn About Ecology for Kids (video)

    General Ecology Resources
    Invasive Species - U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
    Ecology Facts - IdahoPTV's Dialogue For Kids
    Earth Day Every Day - KiteCD
    EPA Environmental Kids Club
    Secrets@Sea
    Kids' Planet
    Kids for a Clean Environment - F.A.C.E
    Garbage
    Biodiversity - Ology
    Wild World - nationalgeographic.com

    Ecology Science Fair Projects
    Ecology
    Environmental Sciences

    Ecology Experiments
    Ecology K-12 Experiments & Background Information
    Biosphere
    Ecosystems, Biomes and Habitats




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    Last updated: June 2013
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