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Theophrastus (371 287 BC), Greek: described interrelationships between animals and between animals and their environment.
Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (16321723), Dutch: First to develop the concept of food chains
Alexander von Humboldt (17671835), German: the first to study the relationship between organisms and their environment.
Herbert Spencer (1820 1903), English: Social Darwinism, Survival of the fittest
Alfred Russel Wallace (1823 1913), British: was first to propose a "geography" of animal species.
Karl August Möbius (1825 1908), German: The first use of the term biocoenosis which describes the interacting organisms living together in a habitat.
Eugen Warming (1841 1924), Danish: regarded abiotic factors such as drought, fire, salt, cold etc., as seriously as biotic factors in the assembly of biotic communities.
Ellen Swallow Richards (18421911), American: linked urban ecology to human health
Vito Volterra (18601940), Italian: Pioneered mathematical populations models
Vladimir Vernadsky (18691939), Russian: Founded the biosphere concept
Henry C. Cowles (18691939), American: ecological succession
Arthur G. Tansley (18711955), English: First to coin the term ecosystem
Alfred J. Lotka (18801949), American: pioneered mathematical populations models explaining predator-prey interactions
Friedrich Ratzel (18441904), German: coined the term biogeography.
G. Evelyn Hutchinson (19031991), Anglo-American: the niche concept
Eugene P. Odum (19132002), American: Co-founder (with Howard T. Odum) of ecosystem ecology and ecological thermodynamic concepts.
Robert MacArthur (19301972), American: Co-founder the Theory of Island Biogeography
James Lovelock (1919 - ), English: proposed The Gaia theory by which the Earth should be regarded as a single living macro-organism.
Ecology for Kids
Kids Do Ecology
Ecology Kids - Ecology Global Network
OLogy - American Museum of Natural History
Kids Ecology Corps
Ecology Facts- Dialogue for Kids (Idaho Public Television)
Kids Recycle Page - Washington State Department of Ecology
Learn About Ecology for Kids (video)
General Ecology Resources
Invasive Species - U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Ecology Facts - IdahoPTV's Dialogue For Kids
Earth Day Every Day - KiteCD
EPA Environmental Kids Club
Kids for a Clean Environment - F.A.C.E
Biodiversity - Ology
Wild World - nationalgeographic.com
American Field Guide - PBS
Wild places - PBS - Scientific American Frontiers
Ecology Science Fair Projects
Ecology K-12 Experiments & Background Information
Ecosystems, Biomes and Habitats