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    Famous Mechanical and Civil Engineers - Resources
    K-12 Level

    Engineering Resources

    Inventions & Inventors
    Solar Cells

    Famous Mechanical and Civil Engineers
    Imhotep (2650 BC -2600 BC), Egyptian: designed the Pyramid of Djoser under Pharaoh Djoser; use of columns in architecture.

    Archimedes of Syracuse (287 BC – 212 BC), Greek: is believed to setting enemy ships on fire using an array of mirrors; the Archimedes' screw, used for pumping water.

    Leonardo Da Vinci (1452 – 1519), Italian: invented of the parachute.

    Thomas Savery (1650 – 1715), English: invented an early steam engine.

    John Smeaton (1724 – 1792), English: designed the third Eddystone Lighthouse (1755–59); pioneered the use of 'hydraulic lime' (a form of mortar which will set under water) and developed a technique involving dovetailed blocks of granite in the building of the lighthouse.

    James Watt (1736 – 1819), Scottish: improvements to the Newcomen steam engine.

    Charles Bage (1751–1822), English: designed the first ever iron framed building, the Ditherington Flax Mill, located in the outskirts of Shrewsbury town centre, built between 1796 and 1797.

    Joseph Aspdin (1778 – 1855), British: patented Portland cement in 1824.

    Sir George Cayley (1773 – 1857), English: theorized the concept of the modern aeroplane as a fixed-wing flying machine with separate systems for lift, propulsion, and control.

    Joseph-Louis Lambot (1814 - 1887), French: the inventor of ferro-cement, the precursor of reinforced concrete.

    Nikolaus Otto (1832 - 1891), German: inventor of the first internal-combustion engine to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber.

    Rudolf Diesel (1858 – 1913), German: invented the diesel engine in 1893.

    Gustave Eiffel (1832 – 1923), French: designed the Eiffel Tower, built 1887–1889 for the 1889 Universal Exposition in Paris, France.

    Willard Gibbs (1839 – 1903), American: awarded the first PhD in engineering in the United States at Yale University in 1863.

    Joseph Monier (1823 - 1906), French: one of the principal inventors of reinforced concrete.

    Benjamin Baker (1840 – 1907) English, Sir John Fowler (1817 – 1898) English, and William Arrol (1839–1913) Scottish: built the Forth Bridge, using steel, in 1889.

    Francois Hennebique (1842 – 1921), French: pioneered reinforced-concrete construction.

    Wright brothers: Orville (1871 – 1948) and Wilbur (1867 – 1912), Americans: invented the first successful airplane and performed the first controlled, powered and sustained heavier-than-air human flight, on December 17, 1903.

    Henry Ford (1863 – 1947), American: founder of Ford Motor Company; assembly line and mass production.

    Hardy Cross (1885–1959), American: developer of the moment distribution method for structural calculation of large buildings.

    Eugene Freyssinet (1879 – 1962), French: pioneered prestressed concrete.

    Fazlur Khan (1929 - 1982), Bangladeshi: Father of tubular design for skyscraper construction.

    John Fleetwood Baker (1901 – 1985), British: plastic theory of structural analysis: the Morrison Shelter.

    Engineering for Kids
    Instructional Science and Engineering Videos - Jonathan Hare
    Discover Engineerin
    Zoom Into Engineering - PBS Kids
    A guide to engineering careers for high school girls
    Engineer Girl
    Interactive science & engineering for 9-11 - Engineering Interact
    Free Games, Cool Projects, Fun Experiments - Engineering for Kids
    Engology - Engineering Technology
    Think Mech for Kids! Discover the World of Mechanical Engineering!
    Mechanical engineering for kids
    Electrical engineering for kids
    Genetic engineering: a guide for kids by Tiki the Penguin
    Engineering Quiz for Kids

    FAQs, Q&A
    Engineering FAQs - Engineer Girl
    Frequently Asked Questions (and Answers) about Reverse Engineering
    Civil & Environmental Engineering - Frequently Asked Questions
    How do I become a Professional Engineer?
    Biomechanical Engineering - Mechanical Engineering FAQ

    Glossaries and Dictionaries
    Glossary of Engineering Terms and Acronyms
    Glossary of Electrical Engineering Terms
    Engineering Glossary

    Greatest Engineering Achievements of the Twentieth Century
    Timeline of science and engineering in the Islamic world
    Chemical Engineering: Timeline
    A Chemical Engineering Timeline
    An Audio Timeline

    Engineering - Science Museum London
    Royal Engineers Museum & Library, Gillingham, Kent
    Miniature Engineering Museum

    Humor & Trivia
    Engineer Quiz: Should You Become an Engineer?
    Materials Science and Engineering Quiz

    Science Fair Projects
    Engineering Projects Home
    Buildings & Bridges

    Engineering Experiments Experiments, Labs and Background Information

    General Engineering Resources
    Edwin H. Land: instant polaroid photography
    Exploring the Nanoworld - University of Wisconsin
    Leavenworth Nutcracker Museum
    How Olympic Torches Work - howstuffworks.com
    The History of Plastics - The British Plastics Federation (BPF)
    Inventory of Nanotechnology Consumer Products - Project On Emerging Nanotechnologies
    Jesse Sullivan, the World's First "Bionic Man"
    How to Build an Invisibility Cloak - discover.com
    Manufacturers' Catalogs from the First Decade of American Automobiles - NYPL Digital Gallery
    The Model T - TheHenryFord.org
    Submarine and Cold War History - The National Museum of American History
    Submarine History - submarine-history.com
    Railroad Directory - rrhistorical.com
    The Henry Ford Museum
    Early Adventures with the Automobile - EyeWitness to History
    The History of the Torpedo and the Relevance to Today‘s U.S. Navy - By Russell Thomas
    California State Railroad Museum Foundation
    Teaching With Documents: Eli Whitney's Patent for the Cotton Gin - National Archives
    Cotton Ginning Research Unit - USDA-ARS
    How Products Are Made
    Leather Research Centre - CSIRO
    Steam Engine Library - University of Rochester
    The Industrial Revolution - The Open Door Web Site

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    Last updated: June 2013
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