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    Nobel Prize Laureates that Changed Our Life

    AIDS - AZT: Gertrude Elion (American), George Hitchings (American), Medicine 1988.

    Charity: Mother Teresa (Indian), Peace 1979.

    Civil Rights: Martin Luther King (American), Peace 1964.

    Democracy: Lech Walesa (Polish), Peace 1983.

    Digital Photography - CCD: Willard Boyle (Canadian), George Smith (American), Physics 2009.

    DNA: Francis Crick (English), James Watson (James Watson), Maurice Wilkins (New Zealand-English), Medicine 1962.

    Electrocardiogram (ECG / EKG): Willem Einthoven (Dutch), Medicine 1924.

    Free Market Economy: Milton Friedman (American), Economics 1976.

    Freedom: Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (Russian), Literature 1970.

    Green Revolution: Norman Borlaug (American), Peace 1970.

    Humanitarianism: International Committee of the Red Cross, Peace 1917, 1944, 1963.

    Human Blood Groups: Karl Landsteiner (Austrian), Medicine 1930.

    Insulin: Frederick Banting (Canadian), John Macleod (Scottish), Medicine 1923.

    Integrated Circuit: Jack S. Kilby (American), Physics 2000.

    International Relations: Mikhail Gorbachev (Ukrainian-Russian), Peace Prize 1990.

    Leukemia - Bone Marrow Transplantation: E. Donnall Thomas (American), Medicine 1990.

    Malaria: Ronald Ross (British), Medicine 1902.

    MRI: Paul Lauterbur (American), Peter Mansfield (British), Medicine 2003.

    Penicillin: Alexander Fleming (Scottish), Ernst Chain (German-British), Howard Florey (Australian), Medicine 1945.

    Polio: John Franklin Enders (American), Thomas Huckle Weller (American), Frederick Chapman Robbins (American), Medicine 1954.

    Radio: Guglielmo Marconi (Italian), Karl Ferdinand Braun (German), Physics 1909.

    Radioactivity: Antoine Becquerel (French), Pierre Curie (French), Marie Curie (Polish), Physics 1903.

    Reverence for Life: Albert Schweitzer (German-French), Peace 1952.

    Telecommunication - Optical Fiber: Charles Kuen Kao (Chinese-British-American), Physics 2009.

    Transistor: William Shockley (American), John Bardeen (American), Walter Brattain (American), Physics 1956.

    Tuberculosis: Robert Koch (German), Medicine 1905.

    Vitamins: Paul Karrer (Swiss), Walter Norman Haworth (British), Chemistry 1937.

    X-rays: Wilhelm Rontgen (German), Physics 1901.

    Nobel Prize Laureate Biographies
    Who Is Alfred Nobel?
    Britannica Guide to the Nobel Prizes
    The Ig Nobel Prizes Home Page (Humor)
    Nobel Minds 2014 - YouTube
    Nobel e-Museum
    The Nobel Archive
    Nobel Prize Winners: Contributions to Electricity, Electronics & Electrochemistry

    Nobel Prize Laureates on Stamps
    The Nobel Prizes - Buffalo University
    The Nobel Prize in Postage Stamps
    Physics Nobel Prize Winners
    Nobel laureates on stamps

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    Last updated: June 2013
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