Something of Interest
Google is an American multinational corporation specializing in Internet-related services and products. These include mainly search and online advertising technologies. Most of its profits are derived from AdWords (an online advertising service that places advertising copy at the top or bottom of, or beside, the list of results Google displays for a particular search query).
Google was founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin while they were Ph.D. students at Stanford University. Together they own about 16 percent of its shares. They incorporated Google as a privately held company on September 4, 1998. An initial public offering followed on August 19, 2004. Its mission statement from the outset was "to organize the world's information and make it universally accessible and useful". In 2006 Google moved to headquarters in Mountain View, California, nicknamed the Googleplex.
While conventional search engines ranked results by counting how many times the search terms appeared on the page, Page and Brin theorized, in 1996, about a better system that analyzed the relationships between websites. They called this new technology PageRank; it determined a website's relevance by the number of pages, and the importance of those pages, that linked back to the original site.
Google Search is the web search engine owned by Google. Google Search is the most-used search engine on the World Wide Web, handling more than three billion searches each day.
The corporation has been estimated to run more than one million servers in data centers around the world and to process over one billion search requests and about 24 petabytes of user-generated data each day. Google's production servers continue to be built with inexpensive hardware.
Gmail is the free, advertising-supported email service provided by Google. Users may access Gmail as secure webmail, as well as via POP3 or IMAP4 protocols. Gmail initially started as an invitation-only beta release on April 1, 2004 and it became available to the general public on February 7, 2007.
Google Translate is a server-side machine translation service, which can translate between 35 different languages. The software uses corpus linguistics techniques, where the program "learns" from professionally translated documents, specifically UN and European Parliament proceedings.
Other Google products and services include Google Books, the Android mobile operating system, the browser Chrome, Google Docs, Google Maps, Google Scholar and more.
Google-ownes sites such as YouTube and Blogger.
Google uses various tax avoidance strategies. Out of the five largest American technology companies it pays the lowest taxes to the countries of origin of its revenues. The company accomplishes this partly by licensing technology through subsidiaries in Ireland, Bermuda, the Bahamas, and the Netherlands. This has reportedly sparked a French investigation into Google's transfer pricing practices.
Google.org is the charitable arm of Google. As of May 2010, the organization has committed over US$100 million in investments and grants. To fund the organization, Google granted three million shares during their initial public offering (IPO). As of March 2012, Google.org's three million shares are valued at approximately US$1.84 billion. In 2013, the corporation stated on its website that it donates "$100,000,000 in grants, 60,000 hours, $1 billion in products".
Criticism of Google includes alleged misuse and manipulation of search results, its use of others' intellectual property, concerns that its compilation of data may violate people's privacy, censorship of search results and content, and the energy consumption of its servers as well as concerns over traditional business issues such as antitrust and monopoly.
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