Famous Educators


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Confucius (551- 479 BC), Chinese: believed that the only real understanding of a subject comes from long and careful study by finding a good teacher and imitating his words and deeds.

Plato (428-348 BC), Greek: believed in a holistic education, including facts, skills, physical discipline, and music and art, which he considered the highest form of endeavor.

Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536), Dutch: emphasized the study of the classics (literature and language of ancient Greece and Rome) in order to spread learning.

Johann Amos Coménius (1592-1670), Czech: outlined a system of schools that is the exact counterpart of the existing American system of kindergarten, elementary school, secondary school, college, and university.

John Locke (1632-1704), English: supported moral education rather than acquisition of facts.

Johann Pestalozzi (1746-1827), Swiss: believed that education must be personal, appealing to each learner's intuition.

Friedrich Fröbel (1782-1852), German: developed the concept of the “kindergarten”, and also coined the word now used in German and English.

Horace Mann (1796-1859), American: Argued that universal public education was the best way to turn the nation's unruly children into disciplined citizens.

Harriet Martineau (1802-1876), English: believed that the education received at the parents' home would decide the character and ability of the future man.

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882), American: opposed mass education and advocated individual tuition instead.

Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862), American: believed that children should not have to study exclusively from texts and emphasized journal writing rather than just memorization and recitation.

Charlotte Mason (1842-1923), British: use of living books instead of dry, factual textbooks.

Anne Sullivan (1866-1936), American: developed a method of touch teaching for the blind; was the instructor and companion of Helen Keller.

Maria Montessori (1870-1952), Italian: Montessori education is characterized by an emphasis on independence, freedom within limits, and respect for a child’s natural psychological development, as well as technological advancements in society.

Robert Frost (1874-1963), American: practiced education by poetry with his own children at home.

Jean Piaget (1896-1980), Swiss: The four cognitive development stages of children.

John Holt (1923-1985), American: a proponent of homeschooling, and a pioneer in youth rights theory.

Howard Gardner (1943 - ), American: developed theory of multiple intelligences.

B.F. Skinner (1904 – 1990), American: asserted that positive reinforcement is more effective at changing and establishing behavior than punishment.

John Dewey (1859 – 1952), American: In his advocacy of democracy, Dewey considered two fundamental elements—schools and civil society—as being major topics needing attention and reconstruction to encourage experimental intelligence and plurality.

Benjamin Bloom (1913 – 1999), American: contributions to the classification of educational objectives and to the theory of mastery-learning.


Education Timelines
Education in England - Timeline
American Educational History: A Hypertext Timeline
Timeline of Events Leading to the Brown v. Board of Education Decision, 1954

Education Museums
National Museum of Education
Smithsonian Education
Learning and Education department - Natural History Museum, London, UK.

Education Glossaries and Dictionaries
Glossary of education-related terms
A to Z Glossary of Education Terms
Cambridge Handbook of Educational Abbreviations and Terms
Glossary of Education Reform

General Education Resources
The Scout Report - the most valuable online science and education resources.
Khan Academy - using video to explain the world (free)
The Classroom - homework help, lesson plans, worksheets, test writing and taking
Free Education Resources - Discovery Education
ClassroomProducts.com: Low-cost cardboard products for teachers
The Lesson Plans Page
DFES - The Parent Centre
Reflective Action
Educational, Learning & Developmental Toys - Fisher-Price


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