Scientists & Inventors
Black Holes Scientists


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1783: John Michell (1724 - 1793), English natural philosopher and geologist: in a letter written to Henry Cavendish suggested the idea of a body so massive that even light could not escape.

1796: Pierre-Simon Laplace (1749 - 1827), French mathematician and astronomer: promoted the same idea as Michell's in his book Exposition du système du Monde.

1915: Albert Einstein (1879 - 1955), German-American theoretical physicist: developed his theory of general relativity, having earlier shown that gravity does influence light's motion.

1916: Karl Schwarzschild (1873 - 1916), German physicist: provided the first modern solution of general relativity that would characterize a black hole.

1924: Arthur Eddington (1882 - 1944), British astrophysicist: showed that the singularity in Einstein equations disappeared after a change of coordinates.

1939: Robert Oppenheimer (1904 - 1967), American theoretical physicist: predicted (with others) that neutron stars above approximately three solar masses would collapse into black holes.

1958: David Finkelstein (1929 - ), American physicist: identified the Schwarzschild surface as an event horizon extending the Schwarzschild solution for the future of observers falling into a black hole.

1963: Roy Kerr (1934 - ), New Zealand mathematician: found the exact solution for a rotating black hole.

1965: Ezra Newman (1929 - ), American physicist: found the axisymmetric solution for a black hole that is both rotating and electrically charged

1970s: James Bardeen (1939 - ), American physicist, Jacob Bekenstein (1947 - ), Israeli theoretical physicist, Brandon Carter (1942 - ), Australian theoretical physicist, and Stephen Hawking: led to the formulation of black hole thermodynamics.

1974: Stephen Hawking (1942 - ), British theoretical physicist and cosmologist: showed that black holes are not entirely black but emit small amounts of thermal radiation what has become known as Hawking radiation.


Black Holes for Kids
Black Holes - Astronomy For Kids
What are Black Holes Anyway? - NASA
Black Holes In Our Solar Sytem - easyscienceforkids.com
Black Holes for Kids
Black Holes - National Geographic
Black Holes Fast Facts - Kids Konnect
Our Universe: Black Holes - ESA Kids
Black Holes Basics - Cosmos4Kids.com
StarChild: Black Holes - NASA

Basics for Beginners
Black Holes and Quasars
Black Holes Q&A
Black hole basics - wiredcosmos.com
Black Holes: Gravity's Relentless Pull - HubbleSite
Introduction to Black Holes - NASA
In Our Time, Black Holes (listen) - BBC

FAQs
Black Holes FAQ
Frequently Asked Questions About Black Holes
How is a black hole created? - hubblesite.org
Ask an Astrophysicist: Black Holes - NASA
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Black Holes
FAQs about BLACK HOLES at the Astronomy Cafe
Black Holes FAQ
Black Holes Q & A
Black Holes - Usenet Physics FAQ

General Black Holes Resources
Black hole - Wikipedia
How Black Holes Work - HowStuffWorks
Black Holes - Mike Guidry
Black Holes and Beyond - The University of Illinois
Black Holes - University of Cambridge
Singularities and Black Holes - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Black Holes - Scholarpedia

Glossaries and Dictionaries
Astrophysics and Cosmic Engine Glossary
Black Holes Glossary
Black Holes Glossary

Timelines
Timeline of black hole physics
The timeline of black hole physics
Timeline of the Universe in the Future: Beyond 10,000 AD

Museums
Black Holes at Yale - Yale Peabody Museum
Black Holes Photo Gallery - National Geographic
Black Holes: Museum Victoria

Humor & Trivia
The Albert Einstein Experience: Jokes, Relativity and Black Holes

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Relativity & Black Holes

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Black Hole Thought Experiments


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