Scientists & Inventors
Famous Botanists


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Theophrastus (371 BC - 287 BC), ancient Greek scientist: father of botany.

Abu Hanifa ad-Dinawari (828 AD -896 AD) Persian-Muslim polymath, astronomer and botanist: founder of Arabic botany.

Ibn al-Baitar (11881248): Andalusian-Arab botanist and author of one of the largest botanical encyclopedias.

Leonhart Fuchs (15011566), German physician: wrote about the medicinal uses of plants.

Robert Hooke (1635 - 1703), English naturalist: using an early microscope discovered cells in living plant tissue.

Carl Linnaeus (17071778): Swedish botanist, the father of modern taxonomy.

David Douglas (17991834): Scottish botanical explorer of North America and China, who imported many ornamental plants into Europe

Augustin Pyramus de Candolle (17781841), Swiss botanist: originated the idea of "Nature's war", which influenced Charles Darwin.

Charles Darwin (1809 - 1882), English naturalist and father of evolution theory by natural selection: showed that orchid's beauty was honed by natural selection to attract insect cross-pollinators.

Gregor Johann Mendel (18221884), Austrian scientist: father of genetics for his study of the inheritance of traits in pea plants.

Richard Spruce (18171893): English botanist and explorer who carried out a detailed study of the Amazon flora.

Luther Burbank (18491926): American botanist, horticulturist, and a pioneer in agricultural science.

Charles Sprague Sargent (18411927): American botanist, the first director of the Arnold Arboretum at Harvard University.

George Washington Carver (1864 - 1943), American Botanist: developed peanut crops and products; developed methods of crop rotation.

Barbara McClintock (1902 - 1992), American botanist: genetic structure of maize.

George Ledyard Stebbins (19062000), American botanist and geneticist: developed a comprehensive synthesis of plant evolution incorporating genetics.

Isabella Abbott (19192010), Hawaiian ethnobotanist: world's leading expert on Hawaiian seaweeds.


See also:
Famous Agriculture Scientists
Famous and Notable Horticulturists
Famous Orchidologists

Botanists - Elementary/Middle/High School Level
Some of Linnaeus' Students - Hunt Institute for Botanical Documentation
Botanists - Fact Monster
Biographical Notes on Botanists Relevant to Australian Botany - Australian Government

Botanists - High School Level
List of botanists - Wikipedia
The Plant Explorers - PlantExplorers.com

Botany Timelines
The History of Gardening Timeline
Plant Trivia TimeLine - The Huntington Botanical Gardens


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