Scientists & Inventors
Famous Ecologists


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Theophrastus (371 – 287 BC), Greek: described interrelationships between animals and between animals and their environment.

Antoni van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723), Dutch: First to develop the concept of food chains

Alexander von Humboldt (1767–1835), German: the first to study the relationship between organisms and their environment.

Herbert Spencer (1820 – 1903), English: Social Darwinism, Survival of the fittest

Alfred Russel Wallace (1823 – 1913), British: was first to propose a "geography" of animal species.

Karl August Möbius (1825 – 1908), German: The first use of the term biocoenosis which describes the interacting organisms living together in a habitat.

Eugen Warming (1841 – 1924), Danish: regarded abiotic factors such as drought, fire, salt, cold etc., as seriously as biotic factors in the assembly of biotic communities.

Ellen Swallow Richards (1842–1911), American: linked urban ecology to human health

Vito Volterra (1860–1940), Italian: Pioneered mathematical populations models

Vladimir Vernadsky (1869–1939), Russian: Founded the biosphere concept

Henry C. Cowles (1869–1939), American: ecological succession

Arthur G. Tansley (1871–1955), English: First to coin the term ecosystem

Alfred J. Lotka (1880–1949), American: pioneered mathematical populations models explaining predator-prey interactions

Friedrich Ratzel (1844–1904), German: coined the term biogeography.

G. Evelyn Hutchinson (1903–1991), Anglo-American: the niche concept

Eugene P. Odum (1913–2002), American: Co-founder (with Howard T. Odum) of ecosystem ecology and ecological thermodynamic concepts.

Robert MacArthur (1930–1972), American: Co-founder of the Theory of Island Biogeography

James Lovelock (1919 - ), English: proposed The Gaia theory by which the Earth should be regarded as a single living macro-organism.


Ecology for Kids
Kids Do Ecology
Ecology Kids - Ecology Global Network
OLogy - American Museum of Natural History
Kids Ecology Corps
Ecology Facts- Dialogue for Kids (Idaho Public Television)
Kids Recycle Page - Washington State Department of Ecology
Learn About Ecology for Kids (video)

General Ecology Resources
Invasive Species - U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
Ecology Facts - IdahoPTV's Dialogue For Kids
Earth Day Every Day - KiteCD
EPA Environmental Kids Club
Secrets@Sea
Kids' Planet
Kids for a Clean Environment - F.A.C.E
Garbage
Biodiversity - Ology
Wild World - nationalgeographic.com

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