Rocks and Minerals
Science Fair Projects
Ideas and Sample Projects by Grade Level

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Primary School - Grades K-3
P=Project   E=Experiment
Agate vs. Labradorite - Will a harder rock or a softer rock be smoother after polishing for the same amount of time? [P]
Determine if it is possible to predict the size of a geode's crystals and its inside color from its texture and color on the outside. [E]
Explore where diamonds are found, how they are formed, and what they are used for [P]
Geology Science Fair Projects & Experiments
Water Geology (Hydrogeology) Science Fair Projects & Experiments
Elementary School - Grades 4-6
P=Project   E=Experiment
Determine what types of sedimentary rock make the best storage rocks for petroleum oil. [E]
Do North-Facing Beaches in Northern California Have Larger Sand Grains than South-Facing Beaches? [E]
Test if the porosity of a rock matrix is affected by particle size. [E]
Investigate how particles of different sizes, shapes, and textures are sorted into different layers during the process of sedimentation. [E]
How do fossils form? [E]
Geology Science Fair Projects & Experiments
Water Geology (Hydrogeology) Science Fair Projects & Experiments

Middle School - Grades 7-9
P=Project   E=Experiment
Create a model of radioactive decay using dice and test its predictive power on dating the age of a hypothetical rock or artifact. [E]
Stalactites and stalagmites: examine a variety of mineral solutions and see which would grow the longest, single formation. [E]
Test different minerals to see where on the Mohs hardness scale they would fit. [P]
Number of speleothems versus distance into a cave. [E]
Perform a local calibration of lichen growth for lichenometry dating in your area and use this calibration to date a manmade or geological feature or disturbance in your area (for example, old stone walls, or a road cut, or a rock slide). [E]
Investigate how layers of sand deform under lateral compression. [E]
Find out if rocks are affected over time by varying levels of salinity as reflected in a freshwater environment. [E]
Investigate what happens to the volume of wet sand under compression. [E]
The Effect of Compression on Granular Media [E]
Determine the profile of a desert wash from top to bottom - particle size and abundance. [E]
Identify the texture, depth, color, structure, moisture, presence of rocks, roots and free carbonates in your neighborhood. [E]
High Resolution Uranium Mapping of School Sites [E]
Geology Science Fair Projects & Experiments
Water Geology (Hydrogeology) Science Fair Projects & Experiments

High School - Grades 10-12
P=Project   E=Experiment
Useful Links
Science Fair Projects Resources [R]
Citation Guides, Style Manuals, Reference [R]
Safety Resources [R] [R]
Earth Sciences Fair Project Books


Earth Sciences Projects
Earth Sciences Topics Related Subjects
Landslides & Avalanches
Natural Disasters
Earth's Magnetism
Rocks & Minerals
Water on Earth
Environmental Sciences
Sun & Light

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Science Fair Project Types
The Scientific Method - How to Experiment
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Last updated: January 2017
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